In Artwork view, you can choose to group by Artist (right-click where it says "Albums grouped by...").
Then when you click the artist name, a list of all albums belonging to that artist will show. However, there will now only be one artwork per artist, rather than album.
In the view "Albums and Tracks", and "Track detail", you can middle-click fields to filter the view by that field. So, to be consistent, it would be nice if this was also possible in Artwork view.